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Buying Guide - Synthetic oil vs Regular oil

Snapshot: Here's how synthetic oil differs from a regular oil and provide better protection and age to the engine?

Is your car asking for service? Have your service advisor advised you to get all the fuel replaced? Well, we all have come across the term - 'Synthetic Oil' and know it's better for our car's performance. But do you what difference do the synthetic oils bring to the table? After all, you end up spending more on such types of oils. Well, leaving apart the fact that both the synthetic and regular oils are derived from the ground, nothing else matches.

Simply put, a synthetic oil will give a better protection to your engine as compared to the conventional oil. Reason being, the synthetic oil is refined, distilled, purified and broken down into its basic molecules. This process not only helps to remove any impurity carried from the crude oil, but also enables each to be tailored according to the rising demands of a modern engine.

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Before we go any further, one need to know what role does an engine oil performs in the engine. The following are its functions-

·         Reduce friction

·         Reduce wear and tear

·         Maintain temperature

·         Keep the engine clean

·         Keep the engine running in all speeds, weather and conditions.

Here's how synthetic oil differs from a regular oil and provide better protection and age to the engine-

1. Helps to keep the engine clean

As mentioned above, one of the crucial role of an engine oil is to keep your engine clear all the time of any sludge, dust or unnecessary deposits. Conventional oils to pick up deposits rather easily which eventually turns into sludge and reduces your engine's efficiency, reducing engine life in the long run. A synthetic oil, on the other hand, can resist any sludge formation and contains fewer impurities increasing the engine life.

2. Helps to reduce  engine wear

The basic functionality of an engine requires engine parts to be in constant contact with each other at high speeds. Such harsh environment is not suitable for health of an engine and can cause wear and tear and in extreme conditions, complete breakdown. This is where the engine oil comes in and acts as a  protective barrier between cylinder and piston. While conventional oils start to show their age after some time and their capability to prevent engine wear diminishes, synthetic oils retain their abilities and for a much longer time, increasing the engine life.

3. Works well in low temperatures 

While in India, cold weather is limited only to northern and north-eastern part of the country, Europe and U.S face such harsh climate periodically. The conventional oil has a tendency to settle down and become dense if the car is parked overnight. This creates a problem for the engine when you fire it up again, slowing down the whole process of lubrication. A synthetic oil, on the other hand, is engineered to flow quickly in low temperatures and protect car immediately without taking much time.

4. Tackle high temperatures

Completely opposite to the situation in extremely cold weather, high temperature areas could lead the conventional oils to break down or evaporate, leading to great engine damage. Add to it the running temperature, an engine can go for a breakdown. Synthetic oils are made in such a way that they resist such high temperatures, especially if you’re driving in hot climates, the one we face in most part of India.

5. Protects from turbocharger heat 

To meet environmental demands as well as consumers desire of powerful cars, more and more manufacturers are relying on turbochargers. What a turbocharger essentially does is, boost the power output even after the engine is downsized. Such engines with turbochargers are very aggressive as the shaft inside a turbocharger can spin upwards of 200,000 revolutions per minute. Conventional oil will break down very quickly causing a lot of damage to the engine and turbocharger components. A synthetic oil will protect the engine and components better and will keep them operating at peak performance.

Yes, synthetic oil as a category is better than a normal oil, but not all oils are same. Do check the specifications, reviews and technology of an oil before pouring in your car!

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