Here is a list of basic automotive terms for beginners.
Anit-lock Braking Safety (ABS)
ABS is a computer-controlled system that is used in most modern cars to improve stability during braking and preventing brakes from locking up and tyres from skidding. ABS was jointly developed by Bosch and Mercedes.
Active Bending Lights (ABL)
ABL is an intelligent system that betters the night-time light by adjusting headlamps to bend towards the road. They are perfect when driving with dipped beams on narrow roads where there is no other source of light. The driver gets considerably improved visibility.
Brake Horse Power (BHP)
BHP is the measure of power that the engine applies through the wheels of the car. One horsepower is equal to 550 foot-pounds per second. BHP is responsible for deciding the rate of acceleration and top speed of the car.
Direct injection system
Direct injection system is a system in which the injection nozzles are situated inside the combustion chamber of each piston. It allows the engine to burn fuel more efficiently, resulting in more power, cleaner emissions, and increased fuel economy.
Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
ESP is a system that helps the driver to avoid crashes and accidents by reducing the danger of skidding or losing control because of over-steering. The program is active as soon as driver loses control.
Revolution per minute (RPM)
RPM describes at what speed the engine crankshaft is turning in terms of revolutions in one minute. It's basically the performance of the engine that one needs to know when revving it up by looking at the odometer.
Parking assistance is an electronic system, which uses laser, radar or sonar technology to enable a vehicle to park itself, and in some cases even without driver input.
Traction control system is used for limiting wheel slip under acceleration. It prevents any kind of skidding by using the anti-lock braking system to stop wheel spin or even cutting off the power fed to the wheels.
Torque is a measure of twisting force, given in Newton-meters (Nm). It is the amount of turning power which a car possesses and is the most important factor to decide car's acceleration.
Tyre profile and size
Tyre profile is a numeric value assigned to a tyre by its manufacturer to indicate the relationship between the tyres sidewall height and its tread width. Tyre size is the information displayed on the sidewall of a tyre that includes its prefix and information about its dimensions, load capacity and speed rating.