Nobody wants to get involved in an accident, causing serious harm to both the cars and the humans, and in some of the cases, the results are fatal. But like Mr. Newton says - Every Action has an equal and opposite reaction. And so is the fact that no matter how hard we try, accidents can't be avoided. But what we can do is prevent the severeness of any accident, reducing the chances of damage.
But it is not as easy as it may sound and one needs a lot of safety equipments in cars to prevent such mis-happening. We have been bringing you a detailed study of various safety equipments and how they work. To wrap the series, we have jotted down in brief, a list of five most essential safety equipments in today's cars.
So Here is the list of the top 5 most important safety features that you must consider having in your car to ensure your's as well as your near ones’ lives.
1. Crumple Zones
A Mercedes-Benz engineer named Bela Barenyi first thought of utilizing crumple zones. This technology was first used way back in 1959, debuting on the Mercedes-Benz 220. This safety feature effectively deflects the kinetic energy away from a car’s occupants in case of collision. The crumple zones are incorporated pretty simply. While the car’s cabin is manufactured with a rigid compartment, a softer zone surrounds it. In the event of a road crash, the softer outer which is actually the ‘crumple zone’ collapses with the impact, which channels the energy around the car’s cabin but not directly through it, safeguarding the car’s occupants.
2. Three-point Seatbelt
The usage of seat belts is mandatory across the world. This rather simple and most basic safety feature in a car can save thousands of lives each year, if used diligently no matter how short a drive. Seat belts were first invented by Nils Bohlin an engineer working with Volvo. Seat belts not only efficiently hold the occupants in their places in the event of a collision, but saves them from hitting against the car windscreen or ejecting out of the car. Seat belts save the car’s occupants from what is known as a catapult effect and also reduce body trauma.
Airbags are very popular safety features and are now being widely used in cars round the world. John Hetrick invented the airbags, which is a very important safety feature in automobiles. Airbags are air-filled cushions that deploy in the event of an impact to offer a soft protective cushioning for the occupants, and to save their heads or bodies from hitting against the hard parts of a car cabin. However, airbags are always meant to be used in conjunction with the seatbelts, and they are not replacements of the seatbelts. Airbags are one of the most sophisticated safety features to ensure the soft landing of the car occupants.
4. Electronic Stability Control or ESC
ESC is again another highly important and widely used safety feature in modern cars. The ESC works to avoid an accident in the first place by detecting the inconsistencies of steering wheel inputs and the car’s movement. This efficient system applies brakes, if required in order to correct the steering wheel inputs and car’s movement ratios. The ESC works along with Anti-Lock Braking System and Traction Control for full-fledged save driving. These systems together offer great assistance in keeping control over the vehicle in tricky driving conditions such slippery roads, sharp turns, steep drives, etc.
5. Anti-lock Braking System & Traction Control System
Anti-lock Braking System or ABS helps in preventing wheel-lockup, in case of sudden or hard braking. ABS controls the braking pressure by applying and releasing the brakes very quickly. This prevents the wheels from getting locked, and results in cars stopping faster and more precisely. ABS is a great safety feature to have in your car, as this helps in preventing accidents on slippery road conditions, where precise braking is most important. The Traction control system is a safety feature which has been developed from the technology derived from the ABS. Traction control system offer great help during steep climbs and climbs from slippery roads. This system detects the amount of torque delivered from the engine and the car’s wheel-spin and then corrects the properly with fast and optimal wheel-spin to help in safe steep climbs. All the above mentioned safety features are very important and can effectively protect you and your car’s occupants from fatal accidents. However, it is crucial to remember that nothing is more important than safe driving and following road rules. Always remain alert while driving and don’t forget to read all road signs to detect any danger or to determine the road conditions ahead. All these combined together will ensure overall safety.