Getting a fuel efficient car is not the only step to save fuel, but the way you drive it, is the essential step that should be taken into consideration as well. Common sense is when you know how to get the best fuel mileage out of your vehicle. Ford has investigated on how the driving style influences the fuel consumption and CO2 per kilometre driven and concluded that by adopting an eco-driving style, you can cut both their fuel bill and their emissions by as much as 25 percent compared with ‘normal-average’ driving behaviour. Small changes to the way you drive can have a big impact on fuel economy.
Here are a few basic tips that will help you get better mileage -
Drive smoothly -
It means accelerate smoothly, brake softer and earlier is a better way to get better fuel efficiency from a vehicle than aggressive driving, in which many drivers rapidly accelerate, speed up and then braking hard. Here the mileage lowers and, the wearing of brakes and tyre also shortens.
Driving on high speed wastes lots of fuel. So here’s where a common sense can light up. Why drive the vehicle at 100kmph, where you can drive at 90kmph and improve the fuel efficiency by up to 10 to 15 percent. Try aiming for a constant speed as well.
Many people think that cruise control was only introduced for the comfort of the driver, driving mindlessly, but that’s not all, it saves fuel to some extent as your vehicle is at a constant speed when this feature is activated. So when driving on highway set the cruise control on most fuel efficient speed say between 80kmph to 90kmph, but it should not exceed the road’s limit, legally.
Don’t leave your car idling before taking it out for a spin, these day’s engines don't need a warm up. Simply start the car and gently drive away, as prolonged idling increases emissions and wastes fuel. Turn the engine off when standing idle at a traffic light for more than 30 seconds, avoiding unnecessary fuel consumption.
Remove unnecessary cargo
Don’t carry extra luggage in your boot or rear seat, as it results in more fuel consumption and its better to travel as light as possible. Reducing the amount of cargo can improve your fuel efficiency as less energy is needed for acceleration.
Reduce aerodynamic drag
Vehicles are designed for good aerodynamics, but attaching a huge carrier or bike to the roof adds more wind resistance along with the weight to your vehicle. If you are planning a long trip, try to transport extra items inside the vehicle or attached to the rear. Also keep your windows and sunroof closed that can lower wind resistance too. In simple words - less drag, less fuel consumption.
Use of A/C
When you use the air conditioner at low speed, the fuel efficiency drops by up to 15 percent. So, it’s better to turn the A/C off, if not that hot day it is. While driving on highway say at 90kmph or higher, it is preferred to use the air conditioner than opening windows, reason being – vehicle receive less wind resistance with closed windows and on higher revs engine generates more power, in order to run accessories like the A/C compressor efficiently.