Ferrari is a manufacturer of sports carbased in Maralleno, Italy. The company was founded by Enzo Ferrari christined as Scuderia Ferrari in 1929. The company has been renowned for its nonstop participation in racing, particularly in Formula One. The road cars of Ferrari are seen generally as a symbol of wealth and luxury.
History of Ferrari
Initially Enzo Ferrari was not at all interested in the impression of manufacturing road cars when the Scuderia Ferrari was formed by him in the year 1928, as an amateur drivers sponsor headquartered in Modena. Prepared and successfully raced by various drivers of Ferrari in cars of Alfa Romeo until the year 1938, when Alfa Romeo hired him to head their department of motor racing.
Alfa Romeo in the year 1941 was removed by the Benito Mussolini’s fascist government as part of war effort of Axis Powers. The division of Enzo Ferrari was small quantity to be unpretentious by this. Because of his contract’s prohibition from racing for 4 years, the Scuderia became briefly as Auto Avio Costruzioni Ferrari that ostensibly manufactured aircrafts accessories and machine tools. Also known as Scuderia Enzo Ferrari Auto Corse (SEFAC), in fact Ferrari produced one race car, i.e. the Tipo 815, especially in the period of non-competition. It was Ferrari’s 1st actual car, which made its debut at the Mille Miglia Auto Show in the year 1940, but it saw only little competition because of World War II. The factory of Ferrari in the year 1943 shifted to Maranello, it has remained there ever since. In the year 1944 the Allies bombed the factory and in the year 1946 it was rebuilt again, after the end of World War II.
Ferrari’s first road car was launched in the year 1947, which was 125 S, backpacked by a V 12 Cylinder 1.5 litres engine capacity; for funding Scuderia Ferrari Enzo Ferrari unenthusiastically built and traded his automobiles.
Enzo Ferrari in the year 1988 oversaw the Ferrari F40’s launch, which was the last Ferrari that year to be launched before the death of Enzo Ferrari, and questionably one of the greatest famous super car has ever made. The Enzo was produced by Ferrari from the year 2002 to 2004. The enzo was greatest and fastest model of Ferrari at that time, and was named and introduced in the honour of founder of the company, Enzo Ferrari, even though it was called to be the F60, on-going on from the F50 and F40, but Ferrari was so satisfied with it, instead they named it the Enzo. Initially it was offered to the reoccurring and loyal customers, every single of the 399 made came with a price tag of about 650000 USD a piece.
On the 15th of September month in the year 2012, worth over 162 million USD 964 Ferrari cars were attended Driving Days event of Ferrari at Silverstone Circuit and set the world record by marching round the Silverstone Circuit.
Since the beginning of the company, Ferrari has been participating in motorsports, and in a categories range including sports car racing and formula one it is competing consistently through its sporting division Scuderia Ferrari as well as providing engines and cars to other teams and for 1 make series.
The AAC 815 of 1940s was the 1st racing car that to be designed by the founder Enzo Ferrari, even though the model was not badged as model of the Ferrari.
In a various motorsport classes Scuderia Ferrari has competing, however it is presently as only official involved team in formula one. Since its inception in the year 1950 it is the lone team to have participated in the world championship of formula one continuously. The first formula one victory to the team given by Jose Froilan Gonzalez at the British Grand Prix in the year 1951.
A year later Alberto Ascari gave the first Drivers Championship to the Ferrari. In the championship being as one of the oldest team, Ferrari was the most successful team: every record of formula one is in the name of Ferrari. The record of team as of 2008 includes 15 titles of world drivers’ championship (in the year 1952, in 1953, in 1956, in 1958, in 1961, in 1964, in 1975, in 1977, in 1979, in 2000, in 2001, in 2002, in 2003, in 2004, and in the year 2007), 16 titles of world constructors championship (in the year 1961, in 1964, in 1975, in 1976, in 1977, in 1979, in 1982, in 1983, in 1999, in 2000, in 2001, in 2002, in 2003, in 2004, in 2007, and in the year 2008), 209 victories of Grand Prix, 622 Podium finishes, 4925.27 points, out of the contested 776 Grand Prix it has 218 fastest laps, and 203 pole positions.
Notable drivers of Ferrari include Tazio Nuvolari, Jose Froilan Gonzalez, Luigi Chinetti, Juan Manuel Fangio, Wolfgang von Trips, Alberto Ascari, Phil Hill, Mike Hawthorn, Olivier Gendebien, Giancarlo Baghetti, Peter Collins, Lorenzo Bandini, John Surtees, Jacky Ickx, Ludovico Scarfiotti, Clay Regazzoni, Mario Andretti, Carlos Reutemann, Niki Lauda, Jody Scheckter, Didier Pironi, Gilles Villeneuve, Rene Arnoux, Patrick Tambay, Gerhard Berger, Michele Alboreto, Alain Prost, Nigel Mansell, Eddie Irvine, Jean Alesi, Michael Schumacher, Rubens Barrichello, Felipe Massa, Kimi Raikkonen, and Fernando Alonso.
At the 2006’s season end, the team dated controversy by remaining to permit Marlboro to sponsor them subsequently, along with the F1 teams of other, made a promise for the sponsorship deals end with manufacturer of tobacco. A deal was agreed for 5 years and even though this is not because of the 2011 end, in the year 2008 on the month of April Marlboro throw down their Ferrari’s on car branding.
Kimi Raikkonen who was the defending champion and Felipe Massa were the 2 drivers who were competing for the 2009s season. Fernando Alonso as of 2010 has started contesting from Ferrari after competing for Renault, McLaren, and Minardi, filling former seat of Kimi Raikkonen.
In addition to F1, the cars of Ferrari have also entered in sportscar racing, the 2 programs surviving in parallel for numerous years.
Luigi Chinetti in the year 1949 drove Ferrari to first win in the 166M in the 24 hours of Le Mans, and motorsports. The world sportscar championship’s early years were dominated by Ferrari that was created in the year 1953, wining 7 title out of its 1st 9 years.
In the year 1962 when the format of championship was changed, each year Ferrari earned at least one class title through to 1965, and again then in the year 1967. Ferrari would win 1 final title, the world championship of bakes in the year 1972 before Enzo Ferrari made decision for leaving sports car racing after the year 1973 and that allowed Scuderia Ferrari to focus soley on F1.
During seasons of Ferrari at the world sportscars championship, Ferrari achieved more wins at the 24 hours of Le Mans, with the team of factory grossing their 1st in the year 1954. In the year 1958 another win would originate, followed by 5 consecutive wins from the year 1960 to 1964. North American Racing Team (NART) of Luigi Chinetti would take final victory of Ferrari in the year 1965 at Le Mans.
Even though Scuderia Ferrari would no longer compete in sports cars after the year 1973, occasionally they have built many successful sports cars especially for privateers, and these includes the 1970s BB 512 LM, 333 SP in the 1990s that won the championship of IMSA GT, and presently the F430 GT3 and GT2 which are presently winning championships in their classes of respective.
Race cars for teams
All the way through its history, Ferrari has provided racing cars to other contestants, apart from its personal workings Scuderia Ferrari team.
Formula one cars were supplied by Ferrari in the 1950s and 1960s to a number of other teams and private entrants. One well known example was the team Tony Vandervell that raced the modified Ferraris the Thinwall Special before making their own Vanwall cars. The entries of North American Racing Team (NART) in the final 3 rounds of the season of 1969 were the occasions of last on which a team other-than Scuderia Ferrari made an entry to the world championship grand prix with a car of Ferrari.
Cars were supplied by Ferrari which came complete with engines of V8 for all the series of A1 grand prix, from the season 2008 to 2009. Rory Byrne designed the car and styled to look similar like the car of 2004 Ferrari formula one of 2004 season.
The F430 GT and 599 GTB Fiorano are used in the racing series of GT. For the model F430 of Ferrari the Ferrari challenge remains a unique make competing series. The latest supercar of Ferrari, the FXX of 2006 is not legal on road, and is for that reason only used for events of track.
California comes as a grand tourer with V8 engine and also as a convertible.
458 Italia is a luxury Sports car with V8 cylinder powered by mid-engine.
F12 Berlinetta is a grand tourer with V12 cylinder power engine.
FF comes as a Grand Tourer with 4 wheel drive accompanied by shooting brake and powered by V12 cylinder powerful engine.
The first vehicle of Ferrari was the model 125 S sports/racing. In the year 1949, 166 Inter of Ferrari, the first move of the company into the market of Grand Touring that continues to create the Ferraris bulk sales till the present day.
Many early cars featured with customised bodywork by a number of builders of coach such as Bertone, Zagato and Pininfarina.
The model Dino was the Ferrari’s first mid-engined car. This layout would spirit on be employed in all most all Ferraris of the 1980s period and 1990s period. V8 models of Ferrari make up fine over partial of the total production of marque.
Ferrari for a time built versions of 2+2 of its cars powered by V8 cylinder mid-engine. Even though these models were looked quite dissimilar from their counterparts of 2 seater, both Mondial and GT4 were closely look similar to the variant 308 GTB.
Cars with front-engine with seating capacity of 2+2 were produced by Ferrari, concluding in the present California and 612 Scaglietti.
Ferrari in the year 1973 entered the 12 cylinders mid-engined fray with model Berlinetta Boxer. The far ahead Testarossa relics as one of the Ferraris most famous variant.
The loftiest efforts of company have been in the market of supercar. The 250 GTO of 1962 may be considered as the Ferrari supercars first in the team list, which ranges to the recent FXX and Enzo models.
Cars of concept and Specials
Numerous concept cars have been manufactured by Ferrari, such as like the model Ferrari Mythos. Despite the fact that certain of these be pretty radical such as like the model Modulo, and that had never planned for production, others for example Mythos that have revealed elements of styling which were incorporated later into the models which were on the line for production.
A number of Ferrari’s special versions road cars have likewise been manufactured, some of them have been made to order by healthy owners. Ferrari P4/5 is one such example.
The programs of special project is a collaboration with coachbuilders of Italian automobile such as Zagato, Pininfarina, and Fioravanti and by Ferrari itself for building custom cars by means of selected models of Ferrari as a base of structural. The 1st car under this package is the model SP1, made to order by business executive of Japan. The 2nd is the model P540 Superfast Aperta, made to order by an enthusiast of America.
Cars based on Bio Fuel and hybrid
Ferrari has taken into account of making hybrid cars; one such example was the model F430 Spider, which runs on the fuel ethanol was unveiled to the public officially at the Detroit Auto Show in the year 2008. By the year 2015 a hybrid range of models of car would be released by Ferrari as according to the some report. At the Geneva Motor show in the year 2010, a hybrid version was unveiled by Ferrari’s flagship 599. Named the ‘HY-KERS Concept Car”, hybrid system of Ferrari adds more than maximum power of 100 HP on top of the 612 HP of 599 Fiorano.
Till the 1980s early, 3 numbered naming scheme was followed by Ferrari based on the displacement of engine.
V8 and V6 models practiced the total displacement in terms of decilitres for the 2 digits and cylinders numbers as the 3rd. As a result, the model 206 was a V6 cylinder 2.0 litres powered vehicle, despite the fact that the 348 practised a V8 cylinder 3.4 litres capacity engine, even though for the model F355, such that the last number mentions five valves per each cylinder. Upon the 360 Modena’s production, the numbers for models of V8 denotes only to the total displacement of engine. The indication aspect of numerical of this name passed on to the model F430, on the other hand the replacement of F430, the model 458 Italia employs the similar naming style as what the 348 and the 206 used.
The models of V12 used the displacement in terms of cubic centimetres of 1 cylinder. For that reason, the famed model 365 Daytona came with a displacement of 4390 cc V12 cylinder. On the other hand, some newer Ferraris V12 engine, such as the one 599, have 3 number designations that denotes only to total displacement of engine.
Models of Flat 12 i.e. called also as Boxer used the engine displacement in litres. For that reason, the model BB 512 was a 5 litre flat 12. On the other hand, the unique Berlinetta Boxer was the GT4 BB 365, which was named in a similar fashion to the models of V12.
Halo Car F shadowed by the anniversary in terans of years, such as the F50 and F40. This rule was skipped by Enzo, even though the name F60 was applied to a car of Ferrari formula one and it is attached sometimes to the Enzo, in the about to come LaFerrari it will return.
Some models, such as the 1984 Testarossa and the 1980 Mondial did not follow a naming scheme of 3 number.
Referring to their style of body, most models of Ferrari were also provided with designation. In over-all, the subsequent conventions were used:
M i.e. “Modificata”, which is placed at the end of a number of model, specifies the version of modification of its antecedent and not an evolution by complete.
GTB i.e. “Gran Turismo Berlinetta” variants are closed Coupes, or Berlinettas.
GTS i.e. “Gran Turismo Spyder” in models of older version, are open Spyders, spelt as “Y”, or as Convertibles; on the other hand, in recent more models, this suffix is used in the models for targa top, F355 GTS and in GTS; the omission being the 348 TS that is the only model of targa named distinctly. The models of convertible now use the suffix ‘Spider’ spelt as “I”.
GTO i.e. “Gran Turismo Omologata”, placed at the number end of model, specifies a version of modified of its predecessor. Without a doubt, those 3 letters entitle a model that has been improved by designing for racetrack purpose while being still a model of street legal. To bear those 3 letters only 3 models have that strength such as 1962’s 250 Gran Turismo Omologata, 1984’s 288 Gran Turismo Omologata, and the 2010’s 599 Gran Turismo Omologata.
With shell Oil Ferrari maintains a long standing relationship. It is a partnership in technical with Ducati and Ferrari for testing as well as for supplying oils and fuel to the Formula 1, world superbike racing and teams of Moto GP. For example, the premium gasoline fuel of Shell V-Power which has been developed along with the technical expertise between Ferrari and Shell for many years.
For supplying engines to Formula One, Ferrari have had many agreements over the years for other teams, and presently supplying engines for Sauber Formula one team and Scuderia Toro Rosso Formula one Team.
In the meantime from the 1920s, Italian race cars of Maserati, Alfa Romeo, and later Abrath and Ferrari were all painted in “race red” colour. This was the usual national racing colour of the Italy, as suggested between the “World Wars” by the organizations later that would become FIA. It specifies to the competing team of nation, not that of the manufacturer of car or driver. In this scheme, the cars of French as Bugatti were painted in blue colour, Mercedes and Benz cars of Germans were in white since 1934, which also unadorned sheet metal silver, and green colour for cars of British such as the 1960s mid BRM and Lotus, for instance.
Ferrari continuously won the world championship in the year 1964 with John Surtees by participating in the last 2 races held in North America with white and blue painted cars, which are race colours of USA, as these were never before entered by the factory of Italians themselves, but by the NART, which is USA based team.
Enzo Ferrari was approached in the year 1963 by the motor company of Ford about a possible acquisition over. Ford audited assets of Ferrari but legal talks and negotiations were cut off unilaterally by Ferrari when Enzo Ferrari got to realize that the Ford’s deal offer would not allow him to stopover at the company racing program’s helm. Consequently Henry Ford II directed his division of racing to negotiate with Cooper, Lola, and Lotus to build a capable car of defeating Ferrari on the world fortitude circuit, eventually causing in the Ford GT40’s production in the year 1964.
As the deal of Ford fell through, Ferrari was approached again by a proposal from FIAT which came with a more flexible purchased controlling interests in the year 1969. A 10 % share was retained by Enzo Ferrari, which is presently owned by Piero Lardi Ferrari who is a son of him. A line of internally managed merchandising of Ferrari that holds licenses of various products bearing the brand Ferrari, including pens, eye wear, pencils, perfume, electronic goods, clothing, cologne, perfume, watches, high tech bicycles, laptop computers and even cell phones. A museum is also run by Ferrari, called the Galleria Ferrari, which is located in Maranello that displays race and road cars, and other products and items from the history of company.
For details, visit Ferrari's official website.