Koenigsegg Automotive AB is a Scandinavian high performance sports car manufacturing company. The company is based in Angelholm which is located in Scania in Sweden. The company was founded in the year 1994, but it was not into producing street legal cars until the year 2002. The founder of the company is Christian von Koenigsegg who started the company with an intention to build a world class supercar. It is a non listed free trading company in Sweden. It has approximately 90 share holders with Christian von Koenigsegg as the CEO and a major share holder of the company. The first car produced by the company is a Koenigsegg CC8S. This car won a lot of awards including the most powerful engine when launched. Then came Koenigsegg CCX, CCXR and Agera series.
Christian von Koenigsegg had the dream of making his own car in his early youth after watching the animated movie Pinchcliffe Grand Prix. But he started his first business as a food exporter who exported food from Europe to other developing countries. Using the financial stability he gained from this business he ventured to achieve his dream of becoming a car manufacturer. He drew the design of the Koenigsegg CC and took it to an industrial designer David Crafoord. David Crafoord made the model in a 1:5 scale adding his own touch to the model. This was later built to the prototype for the Koenigsegg cars that was built in 1996.
The logo of the Koenigsegg badge was designed in 1994 when the company was started by Jacob Laftman. It was inspired from the coat of arm shield that the Koenigsegg family possessed from the twelfth century. It is said that a family member of that time was knighted by the Holy Roman Empire.
The history of Koenigsegg started from Olofstrom where the company was based in the initial stage. Later, the company needed larger facilities for the production of cars. So it shifted to Margretetorp, which is located outside Angelholm, in the year 1997. But on February 2003, the facility caught fire and was damaged badly. So the company shifted to Angelholm. The production facility of Koenigsegg in Angelholm actually utilizes the Angelholm airport which is still active. Apart from that, two large fighter jet hangars and an office building were converted into the production factory. Buyers still come to the factory in private jets next to the factory. The company uses military runways which were used earlier for shakedown runs for production cars and also for high speed testing. The rear window of the Koenigsegg has a phantom insignia is inspired from the first squadron, Johan Rod, from the Swedish air force wing, which is now closed. The wing was called as the F 10 Angelholm and had the ghost emblem.
In 2009, Koenigsegg made an attempt to take over Saab, a Swedish automobile brand which was under General motors. General motors also agreed to the deal and announced that the deal will be signed. But there were pending terms between the two companies. Saab was a larger unit than Koenigsegg, which had only 45 employees and had produced only 18 cars in 2008. Saab had nearly 3400 workers and had produced about 93000 cars in 2008. Koenigsegg also announced that Beijing Automotive Industry holding company (BAIC) was also going to join as a minimum stake holder in the deal. Later Koenigsegg withdrew from the deal and stated that the timing uncertainty as the reason for its withdrawal from the deal.
Cars from Koenigsegg:
A Koenigsegg CC prototype was first introduced in 1996. But the production car with full carbon fibre body was unveiled only in 2000 in the Paris Motor show. The first car was sold in 2002 in the Geneva auto show. It was a red CC8S model car. Later four such cars were made in the same year. Koenigsegg cars are not for mass production and they are very rarely seen on roads. The production number is very low when compared to other car manufacturers.
It is the first car produced by Koenigsegg, which commenced production in the year 2002. It is a mid engine sports car. This car is the first to use dihedral actuation doors, the doors that open upper sideways. Later this became the trade mark of the Koenigsegg cars. This car holds the Guinness record for the most powerful production engine. It has also won the design awards from Germany and Sweden. The car started from the CC prototype and was first brought to the Cannes film festival in 1997. The car got a good response for its original design and this encouraged the small team of Koenigsegg to build the car further.
This car is a two door two seater with a targa top. That is it had a removable hard top that can be stowed under the bonnet. The body of the car is made up of carbon fibre and steel frame in the front and aluminium frame in the rear. The car ran with a supercharged Ford modular 4.7 litres V8 engine. The engine had a DOHC set, made of cast aluminum and had 4 valves per cylinder. It was covered by carbon fibre. The engine produces a power of 646 hp at 6500 rpm and gives a maximum torque of 750Nm at 5000 rpm. The car’s redline is reached at 7300 rpm. The car is a rear wheel drive and featured a 6 speed manual gear box, developed by CIMA. The car could accelerate to a 100 kmph speed from stand still in less than 3.5 seconds. The car could reach a top speed of 390 kmph. It runs on magnesium alloy wheels. The brakes are ventilated disc with piston calipers and all the brakes are assisted by the power of Koenigsegg advanced control system.
The series production started in 2002 and when just 6 cars of the models were produced an even more powerful car replaced the model that was called as the CCR in 2004.
It is the model that replaced the CC8S. It is also a mid engine vehicle. During its launch it held the world record for speed among production cars, but now it is the fourth fastest production cars in the world. The car was introduced in the Geneva auto show in the year 2004. It is similar in many traits to its CC8S predecessor but has a lot of improvements. The looks of the car is also modified with a large front splitter and a new rear design. The head light arrangement has a tweaked design. The tyres are larger than the CC8S and the brakes and suspension are further improvised. The car used the engine with same capacity of the CC8S, but had twin rotrex compressors. It was capable of producing more power than the CC8S engine. It churns out a power of 795 hp at 6900 rpm and 920 Nm of torque at 5700 rpm.
The car has the same 6 speed manual transmission gear box and features a rear wheel drive. The car also has the same type of dihedral synchro helix actuation doors. The car has two doors and two seats. It also has a hard top targa top roof. It can accelerate to speed of 0- 100 kmph in 3.2 seconds. The car’s top speed is over 395 kmph. Fourteen cars of this model were built by Koenigsegg and in 2006 the production of this car stopped.
The Koenigsegg CCX was a car designed to achieve the Koenigsegg aim to make a global car complying with the emission and design regulation of many countries and especially the US. The CCR model served as the base for the model and many alterations were made to it to develop CCX with all the desired qualities to sell the car in the US.
Koenigsegg CCX was launched in the year 2006. The name CCX is the abbreviation of Competition Coupe X, where X represents number 10 in the Roman numerals marking the tenth year of the launch of the company. The CCX did not feature the same Ford modular engine as in other Koenigsegg cars. It was replaced by Koenigsegg own engine. This engine could run on 91 octane fuel which was used in the US. It also was able to meet Californian emission standard. The engine was a 4.7 litres twin supercharged V8 engine. It could produce a power of 795 hp at 7000 rpm and attain a maximum torque of 920 Nm at 5700 rpm. This car also is a rear wheel drive and is controlled by a six speed manual transmission.
The other details were same as in the other models of Koenigsegg. The dihedral synchro helix actuation doors and the hard top roof were also featured by this model too. Fourteen models of this car were totally produced from 2006 to 2010. The car had four different variations known as CCXR, CCX edition and CCXR special edition.
The CCX edition was launched in 2008 Geneva motor show fitted with a remapped 4.8 litres twin super charged V8 engine. The engine in the CCX edition variant could produce 876 hp of power and 940 Nm of torque. It took 3 seconds to accelerate from 0 to 100 kmph. The interior of the car also had varying features than in the normal variant. Only 2 units of this variant were made by Koenigsegg.
The Koenigsegg CCXR is a variant of the CCX car and was launched the next year of the introduction of the CCX, in the year 2007. This car featured the same 4.7 litres V8 cylinders with 4 valves per cylinder and Dual Overhead Camshaft. But this engine was made available to run on E 85 or E 100 ethanol fuel and 98 octane petrol. This makes this car more environment friendly than a Koenigsegg CCX. Other than the fuel variation another modification done to the CCX engine was the fuel injectors and an upgraded fuel lines and piston rings. The engine produces 1064 bhp at 7200 rpm and 1060 Nm of torque at 6100 rpm when run on E 100 ethanol.
Koenigsegg CCXR can accelerate from 0 to 100 kmph in 2.7 seconds and the top speed of the car is estimated to be more than 402 kmph. The body of the car is made of pre impregnated carbon fibre with light weight sandwich reinforcement and is environment friendly too. They touch the roads with 19 inches front and 20 inches rear carbon alloy wheels. It uses a six speed transmission gear box for controlling the car. The CCXR version stopped production in the year 2011.
The CCXR Edition was launched in 2008 Geneva motor show and it was limited special edition of 4 units. Another CCXR special edition, in which only two cars were made, was also produced by Koenigsegg. These cars had an increased aerodynamic advantage than other cars of the same model. It also had F1 paddle shift system. These cars had fully unpainted carbon fibre body and so only black colour was available. The aluminium forged wheels were made polished and bright to give a contrast with the black coloured body.
Trevita is a very special edition of the CCXR version and the most priced Koenigsegg cars priced at US$ 4,850,000. The name Trevita means three whites in Swedish language. As the name suggests there were only three cars produced in this version. This car features a diamond weave carbon fibre finish. This carbon fibre technology is the sole preparation of Koenigsegg to prepare the body of the Trevita. Using this unique method Koenigsegg coats the carbon fibres with diamond finish. This process is done in the Angelholm headquarters of Koenigsegg in Sweden. There the fibre treatment is carefully made in small parts and then further processing is done.
The car is powered by the same engine as the CCXR special edition. The car can accelerate from 0 to 100 kmph in 2.9 seconds. The top speed of the car is about 402 kmph. All other features of the car remain the same as the CCXR.
This is also a mid engine car from the Koenigsegg introduced in the year 2010. The name Agera comes from the Swedish word which means to act. This car as a successor to the CCX and the CCXR models of Koenigsegg. The car though launched in 2011, started its development in 2009 itself. Earlier the car was fitted with a 4.7 litre V8 engine with twin fixed vane turbos. But later as the car developed this engine was replaced by a 5.0 litre twin turbo charged V8 engine which is made by Koenigsegg on its own. This is what is seen in the production version of the car. The engine can produce a power of 940 hp at 6900 rpm and a maximum torque of 1100 Nm can be achieved at 4000 rpm. The engine weighs less which is 197 kg due to the carbon fibre intake manifold and the aluminum body of the engine. The car uses a 7 speed dual clutch transmission with paddle shifters. The Koenigsegg Agera is the first car to have a single input shaft in a set up of a dual clutch transmission. The second clutch slows down the input shaft during shifting the gear level up. This reduces the time taken by the transmission to synchronize the next gear. This results in faster shift times. The transmission also weighs less which is only 81 kgs. The car can accelerate from 0 to 100 kmph at a time of 3 seconds. It can accelerate from 0 to 200 kmph at a time of 8 seconds. The Koenigsegg Agera can reach a top speed of 400 kmph.
Koenigsegg Agera also has a pre impregnated carbon fibre or Kevlar body with light weight reinforcements. It has a hard top roof which is stowable under lid of the front hood. The chassis is made of carbon fibre and aluminum honeycomb fittings that has an integrated fuel tank. This ensures optimal weight distribution in the car and also the safety of the car. The car has a 19 inches forged aluminium wheels in the front and a pair of 20 inches wheels of the same kind in the rear end. The wheels are covered by Michelin super sports tyres which can bear up to a speed of 420 kmph. The rear wings of the car are electronically adjustable and have a choice of an auto setting or a manual setting. This allows the user to choose between a low drag force and a down force depending on the mood or requisites of the driver. The car uses the same unique door system as in other Koenigsegg cars. It features a new traction control system, LED lighting and blue hood stripes. The car features a new ghost lighting system which uses carbon nano tubes in a different configuration. They illuminate the car’s aluminium buttons.
Koenigsegg Agera R:
Koenigsegg Agera R is a special edition Agera, which was officially unveiled in the 2011 Geneva Motor show. The car was introduced with a speed racer livery theme in the show. The production of this special edition car was already going on before the car was displayed in the Motor show. The car runs on biofuel rather than petrol. The Agera R has a very few difference when compared to the standard Agera.
The normal Agera has an electronically adjustable rear wing while the Koenigsegg Agera R uses the pressure of the wind, created at high speeds to force the wing downward and thereby reduces wind resistance. This system is lighter than the normal hydraulics and also instantly responds to head wind or tail wind. The pylons holding the wind up are shaped in a way that they help to extract air from the engine bay towards the rear of the car.
The Agera R uses the same engine as the Agera, using the same 5 litre V8 twin turbocharged engine. But the engine is tuned to give a power of 124 bhp. Koenigsegg Agera R can accelerate from 0 to 100 kmph at 2.9 seconds. The top speed of the car is theoretically 443 kmph. The car is one of the world’s most expensive cars with a price of 1.6 to 1.7 million USD.
During the test of the Koenigsegg Agera R, the car broke the record of Bugatti Veyron, which accelerated at a time of 14.6 seconds from 0 to 300 kmph. Koenigsegg Agera R accelerated to the same speed in 14.53 seconds. But later the record was broken by Hennessey Venom GT, which accelerated from0 to 300 kmph in just 13.63 seconds. But Agera R can produce lateral cornering forces of 1.6 9. This is due to the high grip force of the Michelin super sports tyres. Also there is a special set up in the Koenigsegg Agera R which focuses on cornering speed.
The new version of the Koenigsegg Agera R which was unveiled in the 2012 Geneva Motor show had upgraded carbon fibre wheels and enhanced aerodynamics. The engine was also upgraded as to produce 1140 hp using E85 biofuel and 960 hp while using low octane gas.
Koenigsegg Agera S:
Koenigsegg Agera S is the latest model of the Koenigsegg cars at present. The car was launched in the year 2013 and is pending for production in 2014. This car is specially built for the world markets that do not use E85 biofuel. The Agera S has many upgrades similar to the Agera R model. It also has the dynamic wing of the Agera R. The car is optimized to run using low octane gas and produces a power of 1030 hp and a maximum torque of 1100 Nm while running on low octane fuel. This is considerably higher than the Agera R producing 960 hp in low octane gas. Agera S can also run on biofuel and is still more powerful producing a power of 1140 hp and a torque of 1200 Nm. The Agera S introduced in 2013 is the 100th car of the Koenigsegg Company. So this is a celebration edition marked with gold leaf inlays named Hundra, which means hundred in the Swedish tongue.
Awards gained by Koenigsegg cars:
The Agera held a record of BBCs Top Gear Hypercar of the Year, beating cars such as the Bugatti Veyron Super Sport in the year 2010. Koenigsegg won the Red dot award for excellent design. It also received the National Swedish design price for cars known as Utmärkt Svensk Form. The car received an award of the Germany, stating the Power car and super exotic import of the year for the year 2007 and 2008.
Koenigsegg cars had been the cars giving most importance to its speed. The car has held many speed records including Nurburgring speed record of the Germany, Top gear speed record and Nardo speed record of Italy. The Nardo ring is a ring having a circumference of 12.6 kms. The CCR broke the Guinness record for the World’s fastest production car in the Nardo ring with a speed of 388.87 kmph on 28th February 2005. But this record was broken in September of the same year by Bugatti Veyron, during its launch, with a top speed of 408.47 kmph. This record of Bugatti was set on Volkswagen’s own test track, Ehra Lessien, which is a 9 kms straight track. The Koenigsegg CCXR holds the power-to-weight ratio record for production cars, with a power-to-weight ratio of 2.9 lb per hp.
The Koenigsegg cars had to undergo a lot of improvements to meet out world’s safety and emission regulations and the car passed most of them. For this, they had to develop their own engines to meet the emission standards. Also, Koenigsegg cars had passed the European pedestrian impact tests. These tests are not now necessary for a low volume car manufacturer like Koenigsegg, which produces less than 10000 cars per year. But the rule came later after the Koenigsegg passing the tests and becoming the world’s only super car to pass the test.
The Koenigsegg CCXR model uses a bio fuel and flexifuel run engines. The car can also run on a combination of both normal gas and ethanol. Ethanol is a higher octane rating fuel which has an internal cooling effect on the chamber, thereby increasing the performance of the car.
The car also holds the Hockenheimring speed record. It also holds the record for the fastest acceleration for 0 – 200 kmph speed, 0 – 300 kmph speed and 0 – 300 – 0 kmph speed records. These records were conducted by a sports magazine of Germany called the Sport Auto. During the test, in 2008, for the 0 – 300 – 0 kmph records, the Koenigsegg CCX won the event taking a time of 29.2 seconds for the required speed acceleration. Later in 2011 Koenigsegg Agera R broke its own record with a time of just 21.19 seconds.
For details, visit Koenigsegg's official website.