Bharat Stage VI (BS-VI) grade petrol and diesel that is a match to the Euro-VI emission norms, has been rolled out in the national capital since Sunday. To curb the alarming levels of air pollution, Delhi is the first city to get BS-IV grade petrol and diesel, and no additional cost will be charged for the ultra-clean fuel. Other cities in the national capital region like Gurugram, Noida, Ghaziabad, and Faridabad as well as 13 major cities including Mumbai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Chennai and Pune will start with a BS-VI grade fuel from January 1 next year. Followed by the other regions from April 2020.
State-owned oil companies will begin supplying the BS-VI grade fuel at all their 391 petrol pumps in the national capital territory (NCT), said Indian Oil Corp (IOC) Director (Refineries) B V Rama Gopal. Though, the oil companies have invested heavily to produce cleaner fuel, the consumers are not being passed on any of the cost for the time being, he said. Speaking to reporters, he said, "Rest assured we don't have plans of passing on the cost to consumers. There are no plans to recover (the cost) from customers immediately." But if we compare the cost of the BS VI fuel, the price of the cleaner grade fuel will cost 50 paise per litre more.
Delhi’s annual consumption 9.6 lakh tonnes of petrol and 12.65 lakh tonnes of diesel would be covered by the Panipat refinery in Haryana, Mathura refinery in Uttar Pradesh, Bina in Madhya Pradesh and Bhatinda in Punjab that have already started producing Euro-VI grade fuel. To produce cleaner fuel, an investment of around Rs 183 crore have been spent on Panipat refinery alone. Further, he also added that other refineries are in the process of being upgraded.
India Government made an announcement in 2015 decided to switch to BS-VI emission norm compliant petrol and diesel from April 2020, from the BS-IV grade at present. While the deadline for the rest of the country stands, the same for Delhi, which is choking on thick toxic smog, was brought forward. BS-VI grade fuel contains 10 parts per million (ppm) of sulphur as against 50 ppm in BS-IV fuels.
B V Rama Gopal said the cleaner BS-VI fuel and lesser grade cars and two-wheelers, which are presently available in the country, would result in 10-20 percent reduction in particulate emission but for full benefits, the vehicles too need to have BS-VI engines.