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Nomura Research Institutes Plans On Transforming Mobility In India

Nomura Research Institutes Plans On Transforming Mobility In India

Snapshot: The 'Transforming Mobility' report captures the current state of mobility in India.

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Nomura Research Institute (NRI) Consulting & Solutions, one of the largest consulting firms in Japan with a very strong presence in Asia & Europe has released a report which captures the current state of mobility in India. The 'Transforming Mobility' report focuses on the geographical expanse of India and harps on dispersion of points of production and consumption that make transport sector a crucial driver for GDP growth. The World Economic Forum ranks India as 55th in terms of road infrastructure.

There are plethora of challenges within cities such as slow speed e-rickshaws sharing roads with cars that leads to immense zig –zag movement, which creates congestion. Buses are a popular mode of transport, albeit India still lags behind countries such as Thailand (8.6), South Africa (6.5) and USA (2.7).

Metro and mono rail infrastructure is growing in Indian cities, though the ridership is still less compared to other global cities. That said, around ¾th of the 227 Mn vehicles running on Indian roads account for two wheelers. A major chunk of population uses other public transport such as shared Autos, E-Rickshaws, over-crowded vans, etc.

All these factors have collectively contributed towards alarming levels of pollution in major cities including the national capital. On one hand, the overall number of road accidents has decreased, while on the other hand, an increasing severity of accidents has emerged as a major challenge. According to data, about 11 people per 100,000 were killed in road accidents in 2014.

This implicates the need to develop a mobility solution that is safe, clean, affordable, shared and smart. There is a dire need to create public transport systems which are well integrated with each other to fulfil the need for transit in a smooth and hassle free manner. Adoption of zero / low emission vehicles and measures for reducing non-vehicular dust related pollution could also be vital. Intelligent mobility solutions such as smart traffic lights and lane management systems, redesign of roads post identification of bottle necks and planning separate lanes for slow moving traffic for reducing heterogeneity of speeds on roads could help evolve the transportation system in India.

Smart parking management e.g. integrated database of parking with app based parking spot finder, dynamic pricing of parking spots, parking regulations for app based taxis as well as for parking in residential areas. Initiatives should be taken for sharing transport infrastructure and making sustainable transport options more affordable and acceptable e.g. car pooling and making public transport more affordable to enable people who take inefficient intermediate public transport or non – motorised options switch to public transport.

                                                                                                                

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